Cryptocurrency has fast become a popular investment and payment method in Australia however all too often the decision to purchase doesn’t come hand in hand with the necessary tax knowledge.
Here’s everything you need to know about cryptocurrency.
It’s a digital form of currency that operates independently of central banks and governments. It’s based on blockchain technology, which is a decentralised and distributed ledger that records transactions in a secure and transparent manner. Here’s some further information on what blockchain is.
In Australia cryptocurrency transactions are treated as property for tax purposes, and therefore, cryptocurrency transactions are subject to taxation.
It’s important for individuals and businesses to understand the tax implications of their cryptocurrency activities. The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) has provided guidance on the tax treatment of cryptocurrency.
When a cryptocurrency is sold or exchanged, the transaction may result in a capital gain or loss.
A capital gain is the difference between the purchase price and the sale price of the cryptocurrency, while a capital loss is the difference between the purchase price and the sale price of the cryptocurrency, but in reverse.
If the cryptocurrency is held for more than 12 months before being sold, the capital gain is considered and is subject to a 50% discount in capital gains tax.
If an individual or business receives cryptocurrency as payment for goods or services, the fair market value of the cryptocurrency at the time of receipt is considered taxable income. This means that the individual or business must report the value of the cryptocurrency received as income on their tax return.
The ATO has also indicated that cryptocurrency used to purchase goods or services is treated as a disposal for tax purposes. This means that the transaction may result in a capital gain or loss, depending on the difference between the purchase price of the cryptocurrency and the fair market value of the goods or services at the time of purchase.
It’s important to note that cryptocurrency transactions are no longer considered ‘untraceable’. In fact, cryptocurrency exchanges operating in Australia are required to comply with anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing (AML/CTF) regulations. This includes identifying customers and reporting suspicious transactions to the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (AUSTRAC).
Just last year tracking cryptocurrency transactions was one of the ATO’s four tax time priorities in 2022. Through data matching capabilities, the ATO is now well equipped to identify any income generated from cryptocurrency.
You may be wondering what documentation you will need to provide regarding your cryptocurrency transactions. We ask that if you partake in any form of cryptocurrency transactions that you download a Koinly Report and have it with you prior to your appointment. Koinly is designed to summarise all cryptocurrency transactions into a legible report format. You can download a free report here.
When you’re ready to book a tax appointment with us, call us on 03 5623 2276.
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